I swear by Apollo Physician, by Aesclepius, by Health, by Heal-all and by all the gods and goddesses, making them witnesses that I will carry out, according to my ability and judgement, this oath and this indenture.
To regard my teacher in this art as equal to parents; to make him partner in my livelihood, and when he is in need of money to share mine with him; to consider his offspring equal to my brothers; to teach them this art, if they require to learn it, without fee or indenture; and to impart precept, oral instruction, and all the other learning, to my sons, to the sons of my teacher, and to pupils who have signed the indenture and sworn obedience to the physician' law, but to none other.
I will use treatment to help the sick according to my ability and judgement, but I will never use it to injure or wrong them, I will not give poison to anyone though asked to do so, nor will I suggest such a plan. Similarly I will not give a pessary to a woman to cause illegal abortion. But in purity and in holiness, I will guard my life and my art. I will not use the knife on sufferers from stone, but I will give place to such, as are craftsmen therein.
Into whatsoever houses I enter, I will do so to help the sick, keeping myself free from all intentional wrong-doing and harm, especially from fornication with woman or man, bonded or free.
Whatsoever in the course of practice I see or hear (or even outside my practice in social intercourse) that ought never to be published abroad, I will not divulge, but will consider such things to be holy secrets.
Now if I keep this oath and break it not, may I enjoy honour, in my life and art, among all men for all time; but if I transgress and forswear myself, may the opposite befall me.
In the name of suffering humanity, with humility, compassion, and dedication to the welfare of the sick according to the best of my ability and judgment, I will keep this oath and stipulations:
I will be honor with my patients in all medical matters. When this honesty reveals bad news, I will deliver it with understanding, sympathy and tact.
I will provide my patients with acceptable alternatives for various forms of diagnosis and medical and surgical treatment, explaining the risks and benefits as best I know them.
I will allow my patients to make the ultimate decision about their own care, In circumstances where my patients are incapable of making decisions, I will accept the decision of family members or loved ones, encouraging them to decide as they believe the patient would have decided.
I will not sit in moral judgement on any patient, but will treat their illness to the best of ability whatever the circumstances.
I will be empathetic to patients with illnesses caused by substances such as alcohol or drugs, or other forms of self-abuse usually believed to be under voluntary control.
Knowing my own inadequacies and those of medicine generally, I will strive to cure when possible but to comfort always.
I shall perform medical tests only if I believe there is a reasonable chance that the results will improve the outcome.
I will not perform any tests or procedures or surgery solely to make money. I will freely refer my patients to other physicians if I am convinced that they are better able than I to provide treatment.
I will freely furnish copies of medical records to patients or their families upon request.
I will do unto patients and their families only what I would want done unto my family or me. I will not experiment on patients unless the patients give truly informed consent. I will strive to instruct patients fully so their informed consent is possible.
I will remain a student all my professional life, attempting to leam not only from formal medical sources but also from by patients as well.
I will provide care to all patients seeking it, regardless of sex, race, colour, creed, sexual preference, life-style, or economic status. In particular, I will volunteer some of my time to providing free care to the poor, the homeless, the disadvantaged, the dispossessed, and the helpless.
I will turn away no patient, even though with dreaded contagious diseases.
I will encourage my patients to seek medical opinions other than my own before agreeing to accept my opinion.
I will treat my professional colleagues with respect and honour, but I will not hesitate to testify openly about physicians and medical institutions that are guilty of malpractice, malfeasance, cupidity, or fraud.
I will defend with equal fervour colleagues who are unjustly accused of malpractice, malfeasance, cupidity, or fraud.
Abstracted from: The Lancet, London, U.K. (1995): (345), 8962, 1423